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22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics (Fall 2006) Problem Set No. 4 Due: October 11, 2006 Problem 1 (a) It is well known that the cross section σ is a measure of the probability of having a reaction, yet σ has the dimension of an area. Give a physical definition of σ that shows clearly its connection to the probability of a reaction and at the same time explains why σ has the dimension that it does. Give a simple interpretation of the ratio: {reaction probability}/ σ . Discuss whether your definition of σ allows σ to be calculated. (b) Extend your consideration of σ as the scattering cross section to the angular differential scattering cross section dσ / dΩ , and furthermore to the energy differential scattering cross section dσ / dE , and the double differential scattering cross section d 2σ / dΩdE . Give some thoughts to the physical interpretations of the three differential cross sections, and the relations they have with each other and with σ . Problem 2 Verify the following results in the Lecture Notes (Lecture 7) by direct derivation. (a) Equation (7.3) (b) Equation (7.8). (c) Equations (7.17) and (7.19). Problem 3 Calculate the neutron scattering cross section of C12 for thermal neutrons. Assume a potential well with depth Vo = 36 Mev and range ro = 1.4xA1/3 F and consider only the swave contribution. Compare your result with the experimental value (use the Table of Nuclides (kaeri), http://atom.kaeri.re.kr/) and discuss any significance that you can observe. How does your result compare with the cross section of H1? Explain the difference between neutron scattering by C12 and by H1 in terms of the physics of neutron-nucleus interactions.